Type of Batteries we provide . . .
There are three types of battery mainly used for solar energy storage
applications. Below is a summary of the most trusted technologies
currently on the market : Lithium-ion (LMO, NMC, NCA, LFP) Lead acid (Flooded, VRLA) and GEL Batteries
Lead Acid Solar Battery
Lead acid batteries are built with a number of individual cells containing layers of lead alloy plates immersed in an electrolyte solution, typically made of 35% sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and 65% water Pure lead (Pb) is too soft and would not support itself, so small quantities of other metals are added
to get the mechanical strength and improve electrical properties. The most common additives are antimony (Sb), calcium (Ca), tin (Sn) and selenium (Se). When the sulphuric acid comes into contact with the lead plate, a chemical reaction is occurring and energy is produced.
Lead Acid Solar Battery Materials
Lead acid batteries are built with a number of individual cells containing layers of lead alloy plates immersed in an electrolyte solution, typically made of 35% sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and 65% water (Figure Pure Lead (Pb) is too soft and would not support itself, so small quantities to get the mechanical strength and improve electrical properties. The most common additives are: antimony (Sb), calcium (Ca), tin (Sn) and selenium (Se). When the sulphuric acid comes into contact with the lead plate, a chemical reaction is occurring and energy is produced .
Lead Acid Battery Specifications
OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE:
CHARGE 50F to 1220F
(-150C to 500C)
DISCHARGE -40F to 1400F
(-200C to 600C)
STANDBY USE 3 to 5 years
CYCLE USE (approx.):
100% depth of discharge 250 cycles
50% depth of discharge 550 cycles
30% depth of discharge 1200 cycles
What Is a Gel Battery?
A gel battery has the same design and functionality as a traditional
lead-acid battery. The two batteries differ because solar gel batteries
also contain silica in the electrolyte, which creates a gel-like
substance. The gel electrolyte prevents the solar gel batteries from
emitting as many fumes as the traditional battery. A gel battery is also
easy to install in various positions because of its stability.
All solar gel batteries are deep-cycle batteries, which are different
from automotive batteries you see in vehicles, also known as starting,
lighting, and ignition (SLI) batteries. Automotive batteries use very
thin lead plates to produce a burst of energy. That surge helps the
battery start your car quickly but would cause serious problems if
hooked up to solar panels
On the other hand, deep-cycle batteries use thicker lead plates to
create energy more evenly and slowly. They last longer than SLI
batteries, and you can wire them together easily to create a battery
bank. This feature makes deep-cycle batteries ideal for solar panel
longer service life than conventional batteries
Built with advanced Thin Plate Pure Lead (TPPL) technology, the Well manufactured batteries feature 99% pure lead plates that are extremely thin, so more of them fit in the battery. More plates means more power – twice as much as conventional batteries, plus three times the service life. Thanks to sealed, design, the batteries are virtually maintenance-free and never require watering.
- Massive starting power: engine cranking pulses up to 2700 amps for five seconds
- Extreme temperature tolerance: -40°F (-40ºC) to 140°F (60°C) for non-metal jacket models; -40°F (-40°C) to 176°F (80°C) for metal jacket models
- Longer life: 8 to 10 years design life ; 5-10-year service life
- Vibration resistant: protection against high-impact shock and vibration
We recommend ULTRACELL Solar GEL Batteries
Solar batteries are deep cycle batteries that need to accomplish 2 things: Reliability and Security. Lithium is the best source of energy nowadays, because its the most stable type of lithium, stores more energy than any other kind of lithium and Lead acid battery, plus its the most secure to have in our homes and businesses.
Our battery is the lowest priced energy source on the long run, cheaper than lead acid batteries, because it can store almost 50% more energy than Lead acid batteries and can work between 5,000 and 8,000 cycles vs 500 cycles of lead acid batteries.
It is better to use the right system for your application, than connecting batteries in series or parallel. Let us know your KW solar array and we can help you purchase the right system for your solar application.